Why can Mongolia army swept Europe in addition to cavalry and secret siege weapon-www.yiyi.cc

Why can Mongolia army swept Europe in addition to cavalry and secret army siege weapon as everyone knows, Mongolia Goodwin she, is invincible not by sword, but the bow. The Mongolia army has had the longest range, combined powerful bows, plus Mongolia riding in Mongolia as everyone knows, goodqi she, is invincible not by sword, but the bow. The Mongolia army has had the longest range, combined bow powerful, coupled with the Mongolia cavalry sensitive aspect makes the Mongols imcomparable Asia. (combined by a bow: Animal tendons, on the back of the bow on the belly a layer of horny and in the middle of a wood. This bow tension in 50 kg and 75 kg, and very short for cavalry. The arrow range up to 300 meters, if the metal arrow in the arrow on the gear sharp, can penetrate the thick armor).   the Mongols are extremely good at ancient Rome called "rest of Archery" tactics, namely riding side run, side to the rear of the enemy archery. (Mongolia called "the tactics he bad"). The essence of this tactic is to attack the enemy from a distance, the two continued to attack the enemy, three chance to fight back to the enemy. Under this attack the enemy’s armor and spirit regardless of how strong, thoroughly collapse is just a matter of time. When the European knights are equipped with heavy helmet heavy armor, although melee power is very strong, and cannot be compared to Mongolia cavalry. If Mongolia horse Archer, not only to catch up, even get out, only for a target. But unlike the European knight that Mongolian cavalry depends entirely on the storm, they only kill the enemy shall bow to the enemy and fight hand to hand with most of the time. In April 1241, the Mongolia cavalry tactics depending on the Danube River in breaking the most elite European one hundred thousand Hungarian Army (led by King Bella IV of Hungary), killing more than 70000, with a bow and arrow playing the song "red The Danube", almost wiped out European resistance forces. If ogdai be inopportune or inappropriate died, as early as 800 years ago the Yellow unity of the Eurasian continent.         Mongolia Archer enough to make them invincible in the field, and in the face of strong walls. The Mongols have a siege weapon, that is from the western "imported" Hui slugger, in the face of such a huge trebuchet projectiles, and then strong walls and paper what he. According to historical records, the cannon "machine, sonic world, hit all destroying seven feet into the depression." Mongolia is on it, in the 1273 years and can capture storm the city of Xiangyang, the Mongolian trebuchet is only 100 meters range, while Xiangyang city moat is only 150 meters wide, and later the Mongols from Persia invited several craftsmen of the trebuchet catapult range was improved, improved in 180 – 200 meters so, also known as the "Xiangyang Mongols this gun gun gun" and "hui". But in twelfth Century, the world only to return Mongolia talent in the large-scale application of the battlefield gun. The north is 蒙古大军为何能横扫欧洲 除骑兵外还有秘密攻城利器 众所周知,蒙古军擅长骑射,之所以无敌天下靠的不是刀枪,而是弓箭。蒙古军队拥有当时射程最远,杀伤力极强的组合式弓箭,再加上蒙古骑 众所周知,蒙古军擅长骑射,之所以无敌天下靠的不是刀枪,而是弓箭。蒙古军队拥有当时射程最远,杀伤力极强的组合式弓箭,再加上蒙古骑兵的灵敏,使得蒙古人纵横亚洲,无人可敌。(组合式弓箭:由后背上的一条动物筋,弓肚上的一层角质物和中间的一个木架组成。这种弓的拉力在50公斤和75公斤之间,而很短小便于骑兵运用自如。这种弓射出的箭杀伤范围可达300米,如果在箭上装备上锋利的金属箭头,便能穿透最厚的盔甲。)     蒙古人极其擅长被古罗马人称为“安息人射箭法”的战法,即骑射者一边逃走,一边向后方的敌人射箭。(蒙古人称这种战法为“曼古歹”)。这种战术的精髓在于一从远距离攻击敌人,二持续不断的攻击敌人,三不给敌人还手的机会。在这种攻击下不论敌人的精神和装甲多么坚强,彻底崩溃只是时间的问题。当时欧洲骑士大多配备重盔重甲,虽然近战时十分强大,机动力却根本无法和蒙古骑兵相比。如果碰上蒙古骑射手,不仅追不上,连逃都逃不掉,只有作箭靶子的份。而且蒙古骑兵不像欧洲骑士那样完全依赖强攻,他们只有当先用弓箭把敌人杀伤大半时才与敌人短兵相接。1241年4月,蒙古骑兵就靠这种战法在多瑙河畔大破欧洲最精锐的十万匈牙利大军(由匈牙利国王贝拉四世率领),杀敌七万余,用弓和箭演奏了一曲“红色多瑙河”,几乎彻底消灭了欧洲的抵抗力量。若非窝阔台不合时宜的去世,早在800年前黄种人就统一整个欧亚大陆了。       蒙古的骑射手足以使他们在野战中战无不胜,而在面对坚固的城墙时。蒙古人还有一种攻城利器,那就是从西域“进口”的回回巨炮,在这种投石机投出的巨型弹丸面前,再坚固的城墙也和纸糊的没什么两样。史书记载,这种巨炮“机发,声震天地,所击无不摧陷,入地七尺。”蒙古人就是靠它,在公元1273年攻下强攻数年而不克的襄阳城,当时蒙古人的投石机只有100米的射程,而襄阳城仅护城河就宽150米,后来蒙古人从波斯请来几个工匠,对投石机进行改进,改进后的投石机射程在180——200米左右,所以蒙古人也称此炮为“襄阳炮”和“回回炮”。不过在12世纪,全世界只有蒙古人才把回回炮大规模应用在战场上。蒙古人南征北讨,几乎百战百胜,除了骑兵之外,拥有巨炮也是一个重要因素。         蒙古军西征为什么战无不胜历史上蒙古大军在十三世纪发动了数次大规模的西征,凭借较少的军队和漫长的后勤供应战胜了所有的敌人(1260年对埃及的艾因贾鲁特战役除外),改变了整个亚欧的历史,也促进了欧洲和近东的军事革命。在几次西征中蒙古军队的数量通常很少,总数不过最多20万人左右,单次战役的人数则更少,没有出现在中原对金国的钧州一战中列阵“层层叠叠,厚20里”的情形。这有哪些原因呢?拙文想从以下几个方面进行分析。       西方各国军队采用的战术不适应蒙古人改进的东方战术其实,东西方的文化和思维方式的差别很早就在双方作战时的战术体现出来了。在东方(以中国和阿拉伯文化 为代表的范围内)的战争史上,从来没有出现过西方那种队形极其严密、排成密集方阵,步、骑、弓箭、投枪诸兵种密切协同的军队。这是西方人思维严谨、讲究科 学分工、善于组织大的系统工程的表现。而中国战国时代的车阵、明朝戚继光组织对付倭寇的鸳鸯阵和对付鞑靼的车、骑协同战阵是远不能与之相比的。     东方军队作战时,队形不严整,讲究部队作战的机动性和战术的灵活性,受《孙子兵法》的影响,讲究“诡道”而不讲究堂堂正正的正战。这种战术意识的支配下,军队的单位攻击力和防护力并不强,如果对付罗马帝国和马其顿帝国的密集步兵方阵,采用正面作战的方式根本没有胜利的可能。     与东方军队不同的是,西方军队一开始就采用严密的队形,特别强调突出正战的攻击力和防护力,以罗马和马其顿的步兵方阵为例。这种步兵方阵通常由贵族和平民排成20排以上密集的队伍,身着厚厚的重甲,手握长枪,越往后排,长枪越长,架在前排的肩膀上,这样就在方阵的正面形成了真正的丛枪如林,方阵的后面则通常由奴隶紧紧跟着,作后勤和护理工作,或者由标枪手不停往对方投掷标枪。这个方阵的两翼则由骑兵担任保护两翼不受冲击的任务。很明显,这种战术的冲击力是远非东方军队可比的,但它的弱点也非常突出:队伍转动不便,必须时刻注意保持队形的严整。           那个时期,欧洲还是骑士时代,战争没有大规模的重逢战,只是两国的对战,各派一国骑士尽心交锋作战,他们的打法跟喜欢群劈的蒙古军没法比,在蒙古军队面前不堪一击。欧洲的军队穿着铠甲,行动不便,而蒙古军擅长骑射,动作灵敏,作战方便相关的主题文章: